Caddo Lake, A Bassin' Paradise
This is the first of a two part series about fishing opportunities near Shreveport-Bossier, Lousiana. Bass, are a popular target in area waters, but species like crappie, brim and catfish can also be fair game. Add in outstanding accommodations, plenty of good grub, the casinos, and Shreveport-Bossier makes an attractive destination for anglers and their families.
One popular angling destination in the area is Caddo Lake. The impoundment has a surface capacity of up to 26,800 acres behind a dam on Cypress Creek. Nine boat ramps around the lake give anglers easy access. The geography of the lake includes beautiful cypress trees, Spanish moss, lily pads, other vegetation and oil wells.
Caddo is full of oil rigs. Near by Oil City had a big oil boom and people got rich from selling mineral rights. Historically, the lake was the site of the first over-water oil well. According to one website, sightseeing trains ran from Shreveport to Oil City to see the rare development of an oil well in the water. Today Oil City is the home of the Louisiana State Gas and Oil Museum. The lake that was the location of an oil boom in the early 1900s has become a bass boom today.
Numbers and numbers of double digit fish come out of Caddo ever year according to local fishing legend and pro bass angler Homer Humphreys.
He advises anglers to go to Caddo and start pitching worms around the cypress trees. “You need to thump that cypress stump,” says Homer. “That's what they want. Other lakes are not necessarily that way, you may just want to pitch beside it.” Wildlife officials have set a 14 to 17 inch slot limit on Caddo. “These fish are heavy,” says Homer, “you can catch a 9 pounder that wont make the slot!”
Fish stories like that are among the reasons that bass anglers like to visit Shreveport-Bossier and fish Caddo Lake where the fishing is year-round.
Summertime anglers should know that Caddo bass stage in the deepest water around scattered cypress trees. Anglers will find an average of 70 trees per acre in Caddo. In the shallow water the cypress will be thick and close together, in the deeper water they are more in scattered clumps.
The bass respond to temperature changes and when the temp goes up the bass go deep. “They don't just swim in and out,” reports Homer. “They are gonna' follow a highway, just like we do.” Those bass highways are sloughs, creek beds and ditches. “If you can find a 7- to 8- foot slough that's were they will go in the summer. When it gets hot they get deep. You're gonna' catch a 8- or 10- pounder if you can follow their migration.” Once bass locate in a stand of scattered cypress in deep water they migrate from tree to tree making it necessary to fish each tree thoroughly.
To target big fish on Caddo, Homer likes to pattern-fish duck blinds. The uninitiated should understand that duck blinds on Caddo are big, set in among the cypress trees. Hunters build them to cover their entire boat so they provide a lot of structure. Homer explains that the non-aggressive fish will be on the outside trees or on the corner of the duck blind. The aggressive fish, the ones you don't have to make bite, will be right in the center of the blind, where the hunting boat would set. “Remember one thing. The easy fish are setting there with their nose facing the center of that duck blind because no grass grows in the shade. They are just setting there waiting for something to come through the clearing.”
“I fish the aggressive spots first and then come back and fish the non-aggressive spots.” Homer advises anglers to not change baits too often. “There is nothing wrong with switching baits,” says Homer, “but if it is a tough day, a hard day, just pick a color that is traditionally good on this lake and stay with it.”
Homer gives an example of picking a watermelon colored lure because the crawfish are greenish, or pick an orange lure because the crawfish are orange. It depends on what the natural bait looks like. He warns, however, that a lot of people make a mistake by pulling a crawfish out of the livewell that a big ole bass has coughed up to match the color. “You are not matching the natural crawfish color,” says Homer, “because the amino acid has already changed the color. You should take a bait that you have confidence in, one that your know worked day in and day out on the lake you are fishing. Start with it and stay with it. Just fish it and you will end up having as good a day as you can.”
In the spring the fish are thinking about spawning and move in from the scattered trees in deep water to shallow water where the trees are closer together. Homer says you have to be observant to be successful. “The more pressure they get in shallow water the deeper they are gonna spawn next year. Take notes and keep track. Okeechobee, anywhere, the same thing is true. The thing is, you gotta know how to read the bottom.”
Big fish will be in the grass in certain conditions, but not in others and weather affects everything. “You get a big wind, 15- to 20- mph and they won't normally be in the grass. They will be right in front of it. When you pull up to a grass flat you start in the middle and work your way out.”
With cloud cover fish usually scatter, but not always. “I have seen em' suck into the grass with clouds that made everyone fish scattered. Throw a frog up there, if the water temp is right, and boom you're hooked up. You gotta' be willing to take chances.”
Homer says his experience goes against the popular theory that early and late is the best fishing time. He catches more big bass between 10 am and 2 pm than any other time. “ You can always watch weather changes come around noon. The period before and after the change is the time to be fishing.”
He especially likes Caddo during bad weather. “If you go down to Florida and get a big temperature change, like 20 or 30 degrees, those fish just lock down. It don't matter if you are fishing for a half-million bucks or a cup of coffee. Here at Caddo it is just bass-ackwards.” He explains, “When a big bad front comes through or super cold weather, the bite is good. The fish want to eat. In January we have caught em' when it was snowing.”
In a final tip to anglers Homer says he likes to give any bait a fair chance to catch a bass. Recognizing that the lure has been chosen carefully to meet existing conditions and past success, he advises anglers to be patient. “I give a bait 45 minutes. In that amount of time, as much as I am casting, I should raise a fish. Most people don't have the patience to give the full 45 minutes to what they think should be a good spot. You gotta make a commitment if you want to catch fish.”
Travelers should be aware there is much more to Shreveport-Bossier than just the fishing. It is a beautiful area of Louisiana and deserving of a visit regardless of the purpose.
For more information on the Shreveport-Bossier area visit the following websites: